欢乐拼三张

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如何选择合适的热处理方式?

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扫一扫!如何选择合适的热处理方式?扫一扫!
浏览:- 发布日期:2019-02-14 10:10:41【

本文主要是禾聚精密对冲压件欢乐拼三张常用的热处理工艺的汇总,其中包括了金属原料(零件)和冲压件模具类金属热处理的工艺过程及作用。


一.退 火

欢乐拼三张   LIUCHENG:JIANGGANGJIANJIAREDAOYIDINGWENDU,BAOWENYIDINGSHIJIAN,RANHOUHUANMANLENGQUEDAOSHIWEN

①JIANGDIGANGDEYINGDU,TIGAOSUXING,YILIYUQIEXUEJIAGONGJILENGBIANXINGJIAGONG

欢乐拼三张 ②XIHUAJINGLI,JUNYUNGANGDEZUZHI,GAISHANGANGDEXINGNENGJIWEIYIHOUDERECHULIZUOZHUNBEI

欢乐拼三张 ③XIAOCHUGANGZHONGDENEIYINGLI。FANGZHILINGJIANJIAGONGHOUBIANXINGJIKAILIE


欢乐拼三张 KEFENWEIWANQUANTUIHUO、QIUHUATUIHUO、QUYINGLITUIHUO

   完全退火:将钢件加热到临界温度(不同钢材临界温度也不同,一般是710-750℃,个别合金钢的临界温度可达800—900C)以上30—50C,保温一定时间,然后随炉缓慢冷却(或埋在沙中冷却)

   ZUOYONG:XIHUAJINGLI,JUNYUNZUZHI,JIANGDIYINGDU,CHONGFENXIAOCHUNEIYINGLIWANQUANTUIHUOSHIYONGYUHANTANLIANG(ZHILIANGFENSHU)ZAIO.8%YIXIADEDUANJIANHUOZHUGANGJIAN


  球化退火:将钢件加热到临界温度以上20~30C,经过保温以后,缓慢冷却至500℃以下再出炉空冷

欢乐拼三张    ZUOYONG:JIANGDIGANGDEYINGDU,GAISHANQIEXUEXINGNENG,BINGWEIYIHOUCUIHUOZUOHAOZHUNBEI,YIJIANSHAOCUIHUOHOUBIANXINGHEKAILIE,QIUHUATUIHUOSHIYONGYUHANTANLIANG(ZHILIANGFENSHU)DAYUO.8%DETANSUGANGHEHEJINGONGJUGANG


  去应力退火:欢乐拼三张将钢件加热到500~650C,保温一定时间,然后缓慢冷却(一般采用随炉冷却)消除钢件焊接和冷校直时产生的内应力。

ZUOYONG:XIAOCHUJINGMILINGJIANQIEXUEJIAGONGSHICHANSHENGDENEIYINGLI,YIFANGZHIYIHOUJIAGONGHEYONGGUOCHENGZHONGFASHENGBIANXING,QUYINGLITUIHUOSHIYONGYUGEZHONGZHUJIAN、DUANJIAN、HANJIEJIANHELENGJIYAJIANDENG


二.正火

   GUOCHENG:JIANGGANGJIANJIAREDAOLINJIEWENDUYISHANG40~60C,BAOWENYIDINGSHIJIAN,RANHOUZAIKONGQIZHONGLENGQUE


欢乐拼三张 ZUOYONG:GAISHANZUZHIJIEGOUHEQIEXUEJIAGONGXINGNENG,QIEDUIJIXIEXINGNENGYAOQIUBUGAODELINGJIAN,CHANGYONGZHENGHUOZUOWEIZUIZHONGRECHULI,HAIKEXIAOCHUNEIYINGLI


三. 淬火

欢乐拼三张     GUOCHENG:JIANGGANGJIANJIAREDAOCUIHUOWENDU,BAOWENYIDUANSHIJIAN,RANHOUZAISHUI、YANSHUIHUOYOU(GEBIECAILIAO ZAIKONGQIZHONG)ZHONGJISULENGQUE

欢乐拼三张     ZUOYONG:SHIGANGJIANHUODEJIAOGAODEYINGDUHENAIMOXING,SHIGANGJIANZAIHUIHUOYIHOUDEDAOMOUZHONGTESHUXINGNENG,RUJIAOGAODEQIANGDU、DANXINGHERENXINGDENG


 HAIKEYIFENWEIDANYECUIHUO、SHUANGYECUIHUO、HUOYANBIAOMIANCUIHUO

单液淬火

   JIANGGANGJIANJIAREDAOCUIHUOWENDU,JINGGUOBAOWENYIHOU,ZAIYIZHONGCUIHUOJIZHONGLENGQUE。DANSHIDANYECUIHUOZHISHIYONGYUXINGZHUANGBIJIAOJIANDAN,JISHUYAOQIUBUTAIGAODETANSUGANGJIHEJINGANGJIAN。CUIHUOSHI,DUIYUZHIJINGHUOHOUDUDAYU5~8mmDETANSUGANGJIAN,XUANYONGYANSHUIHUOSHUILENGQUE;HEJINGANGJIANXUANYONGYOULENGQUE

双液淬火

   JIANGGANGJIANJIAREDAOCUIHUOWENDU,JINGGUOBAOWENYIHOU,XIANZAISHUIZHONGKUAISULENGQUEZHI300—400C,RANHOUYIRENYOUZHONGLENGQUE

 火焰表面淬火

   YONGYIGUIHEYANGQIHUNHERANSHAODEHUOYANPENSHEDAOLINGJIANBIAOMIAN,SHILINGJIANXUNSUJIAREDAOCUIHUOWENDU,RANHOULIJIYONGSHUIXIANGLINGJIANBIAOMIANPENSHE, HUOYANBIAOMIANCUIHUOSHIYONGYUDANJIANHUOXIAOPISHENGCHAN、BIAOMIANYAOQIUYINGERNAIMO,BINGNENGCHENGSHOUCHONGJIZAIHEDEDAXINGZHONGTANGANGHEZHONGTANHEJINGANGJIAN,RUQUZHOU、CHILUNHEDAOGUIDENG

表面感应淬火

   JIANGGANGJIANFANGZAIGANYINGQIZHONG,GANYINGQIZAIYIDINGPINLVDEJIAOLIUDIANDEZUOYONGXIACHANSHENGCICHANG,GANGJIANZAICICHANGZUOYONGXIACHANSHENGGANYINGDIANLIU,SHIGANGJIANBIAOMIANXUNSUJIARE(2YIlOmin)DAOCUIHUOWENDU,ZHEISHILIJIJIANGSHUIPENSHEDAOGANGJIANBIAOMIAN。

     BIAOMIANGANYINGCUIHUOSHIYONGYUZHONGTANGANGHEZHONGDENGHANTANLIANGDEHEJINGANGJIAN,JINGBIAOMIANGANYINGCUIHUODELINGJIAN,BIAOMIANYINGERNAIMO,ERXINBUBAOCHIZHEJIAOHAODEQIANGDUHERENXING。


四:回火

     JIANGCUIHUOHOUDEGANGJIANJIAREDAOLINJIEWENDUYIXIA,BAOWENYIDUANSHIJIAN,RANHOUZAIKONGQIHUOYOUZHONGLENGQUE。HUIHUOSHIJINJIEZHECUIHUOYIHOUJINXINGDE,YESHIRECHULIDEZUIHOUYIDAOGONGXU

    HUODESUOXUDELIXUEXINGNENG。ZAITONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,LINGJIANCUIHUOHOUDEQIANGDUHEYINGDUYOUHENDATIGAO,DANSUXINGHERENXINGQUEYOUMINGXIANJIANGDI,ERLINGJIANDESHIJIGONGZUOTIAOJIANYAOQIUYOULIANGHAODEQIANGDUHERENXING。XUANZESHIDANGDEHUIHUOWENDUJINXINGHUIHUOHOU,KEYIHUODESUOXUDELIXUEXINGNENGBIRUWENDINGJIEGOU,QUYINGLI。

   

回火一般可以分为低温回火、高温回火、中温回火


   GUOCHENG:JIANGCUIYINGDEGANGJIANJIAREDAO150-50C,BINGZAIZHEIGEWENDUBAOWENYIDINGSHIJIAN,RANHOUZAIKONGQIZHONGLENGQUE,DIWENHUIHUODUOYONGYUQIEXUEDAOJU、LIANGJU、MOJU、GUNDONGZHOUCHENGHESHENTANLINGJIANDENG


ZHONGWENHUIHUO:JIANGCUIHUODEGANGJIANJIAREDAO350~450%,JINGBAOWENYIDUANSHIJIANLENGQUEXIALAI,YIBANYONGYUGELEIDANHUANGJIRECHONGMODENGLINGJIAN,SHIGANGJIANHUODEJIAOGAODEDANXING、YIDINGDERENXINGHEYINGDU。

GAOWENHUIHUO:JIANGCUIHUOHOUDEGANGJIANJIAREDAO500~650C,JINGGUOBAOWENYIHOULENGQUE,ZHUYAOYONGYUYAOQIUGAOQIANGDU、GAORENXINGDEZHONGYAOJIEGOULINGJIAN,RUZHUZHOU、QUZHOU、TULUN、CHILUNHELIANGANDENG。

欢乐拼三张 DIWENHUIHUO:SHIGANGJIANHUODEJIAOHAODEZONGHELIXUEXINGNENG,JIJIAOGAODEQIANGDUHERENXINGJIZUGOUDEYINGDU,XIAOCHUGANGJIANYINCUIHUOERCHANSHENGDENEIYINGLI。


五.调质

欢乐拼三张     JIANGCUIHUOHOUDEGANGJIANJINXINGGAOWEN(500~600C)HUIHUODUOYONGYUZHONGYAODEJIEGOULINGJIAN,RUZHOULEI、CHILUN、LIANGANDENGDIAOZHIYIBANSHIZAICUJIAGONGZHIHOUJINXINGDE

欢乐拼三张    XIHUAJINGLI,SHIGANGJIANHUODEJIAOGAORENXINGHEZUGOUDEQIANGDU,SHIQIJUYOULIANGHAODEZONGHELIXUEXINGNENG



六.化学热处理

欢乐拼三张     JIANGGANGJIANFANGDAOHANYOUMOUXIEHUOXINGYUANZI(RUTAN、DAN、GEDENG)DEHUAXUEJIEZHIZHONG,TONGGUOJIARE、BAOWEN、LENGQUEDENGFANGFA,SHIJIEZHIZHONGDEMOUXIEYUANZISHENRUDAOGANGJIANDEBIAOCENG,CONGERDADAOGAIBIANGANGJIANBIAOCENGDEHUAXUECHENGFEN,SHIGANGJIANBIAOCENGJUYOUMOUZHONGTESHUDEXINGNENG。


主要是分为钢渗的碳和钢渗的氮、钢的氰化

钢渗的碳

  GUOCHENG:JIANGTANYUANZISHENRUGANGJIANBIAOCENG

  CHANGYONGYUNAIMOBINGSHOUCHONGJIDELINGJIAN,RU:LUN、CHILUN、ZHOU、HUOSAIXIAODENG。SHIBIAOMIANJUYOUGAODEYINGDU(HRC60~65)HENAIMOXING,ERZHONGXINRENGBAOCHIGAODERENXING

钢渗的氮

 GUOCHENG: JIANGDANYUANZISHENRUGANGJIANBIAOCENG

CHANGYONGYUZHONGYAODELUOSHUAN、LUOMU、XIAODINGDENGLINGJIAN。TIGAOGANGJIANBIAOCENGDEYINGDU、NAIMOXING、NAISHIXING。

钢的氰化

    GUOCHENGJIANGTANHEDANYUANZITONGSHISHENRENDAOGANGJIANBIAOCENGSHIYONGYUDITANGANG、ZHONGTANGANGHUOHEJINGANGLINGJIAN,YEKEYONGYUGAOSUGANGDAOJU

   TIGAOGANGJIANBIAOCENGDEYINGDUHENAIMOXING


七.发黑

欢乐拼三张      GUOCHENG:JIANGJINSHULINGJIANFANGZAIHENNONGDEJIANHEYANGHUAJIRONGYEZHONGJIAREYANGHUA,SHIJINSHULINGJIANBIAOMIANSHENGCHENGYICENGDAIYOUCIXINGDESIYANGHUASANTIEBOMOCHANGYONGYUDITANGANG、DITANHEJINGONGJUGANG

    YOUYUCAILIAOHEQITAYINSUDEYINGXIANG,FAHEICENGDEBOMOYANSEYOULANHEISE、HEISE、HONGZONGSE、ZONGHESEDENG,FANGXIU、ZENGJIAJINSHUBIAOMIANMEIGUANHEGUANGZE,XIAOCHUCUIHUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEYINGLI

   以上就禾聚精密冲压对金属冲压件以及冲压模具配件常用的热处理工艺的汇总了,热处理属于后端工艺,对提升产品本身的物理特性有决定性的作用,所以选择有经验的冲压件公司,也要考虑到这个公司的供应链能力。禾聚公司一直提倡均衡发展,每年不断在年审时宣导,优化供应链,优化内部流程,建立培训机制等软实力,找冲压件加工,上禾聚精密,定不负信任。

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